M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle

Product Type:

Armored fighting vehicle

Using Service (US):

Army

Program Status:

Modifications and upgrades

Prime Contractor:

BAE Systems plc.

Two M2A3 Bradley Vehicles

About the M2 and M3 Bradley:





The M2A3 and M3A3 Bradley are tracked armored combat vehicles manufactured by BAE Systems Land & Armaments and includes the M2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) and the M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (CFV). Both types are powered by a single Cummins VTA-903T 8 cylinder diesel engine with 600 hp, which gives the Bradley a maximum speed of 66km/h.

The M2 is primarily used to close with the enemy by means of fire and maneuver. The primary tasks performed by M3 as part of a troop and/or squadron are reconnaissance, security, and flank guard missions. The M2 carries three crew (commander, gunner and driver) plus six combat equipped troops. The M3 carries three crew plus two scouts. The Bradley fighting vehicles are designed to operate at the same speed as the M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank and provides better protection than the U.S. Army's M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).

The Bradley performs excellent in cross-country open terrain and is amphibious. The A3 configuration is equipped with inflatable pontoons and the Bradley's tracks act as "propellers".

The Bradley entered service with the U.S. Army in 1981 and since then, the vehicle has undergone significant improvements. In fiscal year 1991, the last year of purchases of new-builds, the Army purchased 600 Bradley vehicles. In total, 6,720 M2s and M3s have been produced. The latest configuration (A3) arrived in 2000.

Currently, the U.S. Army is upgrading and modifying the Bradley fleet. These modifications improve vehicle suspension with extended life track, improve the power train and electrical system to enable the A3 fleet to host inbound technologies from other Army programs including the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) and Force XXI Battle Command - Brigade and Below (FBCB2). Additionally, the Army is purchasing M3 to M2 conversions, safety upgrades to the transmission, and obsolescence mitigation to the Bradley Advanced Training System (BATS). The Bradley modification program will also begin Underbelly Kit procurement in FY 2016.

The Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) is the replacement vehicle for the Bradley and is currently being developed. The first prototype vehicle is expected to be delivered in FY 2015 and production readiness is planned for FY 2017.

The Bradley IFV is also BAE Systems' contender for the AMPV program (expected to be worth about $5-7 billion) to replace the M113 APC.



Armament/Weapons:

The M2/M3 Bradley features a two-man turret and is equipped with an Alliant Techsystems 25mm M242 Bushmaster chain gun, a Raytheon BGM-71 TOW II anti-tank missile system (two launch tubes), and a 7.62mm M240C machine gun.



Mission/Role:

The role of the M2 IFV is to transport infantry on the battlefield, to provide fire cover to troops, and to suppress enemy tanks and fighting vehicles. The M3 CFV performs scouting and flank guard missions.



FY 2014 DoD Program:

FY 2014 procurement funds in the amount of $158.0 million supports the purchase of multiple modifications to the Bradley Family of Vehicles including the following: funds the ODS-SA Fieldings to the ARNG & Program/Engineering Support; installation of 242 upgrade kits for ECP1; training device obsolescence mitigation to the Bradley Advanced Training System (BATS); and transmission safety upgrades to safely operate the vehicle at full combat weight.



FY 2015 DoD Program:

FY 2015 procurement dollars in the amount of $107.5 million supports the purchase of multiple modifications to the Bradley Family of Vehicles including the following: funds the ODS-SA Fieldings to the ARNG & Program/Engineering Support; installation of 137 upgrade kits for ECP1; funds the conversion of 23 M3 to M2 to support digitization of the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) Combat Engineers; training device obsolescence mitigation to the Bradley Advanced Training System (BATS); transmission safety upgrades to safely operate the vehicle at full combat weight.

For more information, click to view the Complete FY 2015 Bradley Budget.




Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and BAE Systems

Specifications Armament DoD Spending FY2014 Budget

Last Update: June 10, 2014.

By Joakim Kasper Oestergaard /// (jkasper@bga-aeroweb.com)

External Resources:



BAE Systems: M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle



YouTube: Bradley Fighting Vehicle | YouTube Videos



Fact Sheet: Bradley Fighting Vehicle

Bradley U.S. Defense Budget Charts:

DoD Spending on the M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle in FY2011, FY2012, FY2013 and FY2014
DoD Purchases of M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicles in FY2011, FY2012, FY2013 and FY2014
Defense Budget Data

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DoD Spending, Procurement and RDT&E: FY 2011/12 + Budget for FYs 2013 and 2014

DoD Defense Spending, Procurement, Modifications, Spares, and RDT&E for the Bradley Program

Download Official U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Budget Data:

Modification of M2 and M3 Bradley Vehicles (Upgrade)
Specifications

Specifications: M2A3 and M3A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle

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Primary Function: Armored fighting vehicle
Prime Contractor: BAE Systems Land & Armaments (formerly United Defense)
Power Plant: 1x Cummins VTA-903T 8 cylinder diesel engine with 600 hp
Transmission: Hydromechanical
Length: 21.5 ft (6.55 m)
Height: 8.4 ft (2.56 m)
Width: 10.9 ft (3.32 m)
Max Trench Crossing: 7 ft (2.13 m)
Weight: 30.4 tons (27.6 metric tons)
Power-to-Weight Ratio: 19.61 hp/ton (21.74 hp/metric ton)
Capacity: M2A3: 7 troops; M3A3: 2 scouts
Speed: 41 mph (66 km/h)
Acceleration: Unknown
Range: 300 miles (483 km)
Crew: Three
Price/Unit Cost: $1.11 million (FY 1993 constant dollars)
Deployed: 1981 (M2A1/M3A1)

Armament/Weapons:
1x Alliant Techsystems 25mm M242 Bushmaster cannon
1x Raytheon BGM-71 TOW II anti-tank missile system
1x M240C 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.


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