F-22 Raptor

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Product Type:

5th Generation Air Dominance Fighter

Using Service (US):

Air Force (USAF)

Program Status:

In Service - No new aircraft planned.

Prime Contractors:

Lockheed Martin Corporation
The Boeing Company
Engines: Pratt & Whitney (United Techn.)

The F-22 Raptor

About the F-22 Raptor:





The Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor is a twin-engine single-seat air dominance fighter. It is a first-of-a-kind multi-mission fighter aircraft that combines stealth, supercruise, advanced maneuverability, and integrated avionics to make it the world's most capable combat aircraft. The Raptor is a fifth generation fighter aircraft and is designed to penetrate enemy airspace and achieve a first-look, first-kill capability against multiple targets. The aircraft made its combat debut in Syria on September 22, 2014. The F-22 has unprecedented survivability and lethality, ensuring the joint forces have freedom from attack, freedom to maneuver, and freedom to attack. The U.S. Government has prohibited the sale of F-22 aircraft to any foreign nation.

The F-22 is powered by two Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 afterburning turbofan engines, each providing 35,000 pounds of thrust. Supercruise (the ability to operate at supersonic speed without afterburning) gives the aircraft exceptional combat performance without compromising mission range. The aircraft's Northrop Grumman AN/APG-77 AESA radar system is able to detect enemy aircraft radar at distances of up to 285 miles (460 km). The AN/APG-77 system itself exhibits a very low radar cross section. The F-22's avionics package also includes the BAE Systems AN/ALR-94 radar warning receiver (RWR), the Lockheed Martin AN/AAR-56 MLD missile warning system (MWS), and BAE Systems AN/ALE-52 countermeasures dispenser. A BAE Systems head-up display (HUD) provides target status, weapon status, and weapon envelopes data and shoot cues. The F-22 is equipped with the ACES II ejection seat system manufactured by Goodrich (now United Technologies). Goodrich also supplied the aircraft's landing gear.

In the production of the F-22, Lockheed Martin was responsible for program management, the integrated forebody (nose section) and forward fuselage (including the cockpit and inlets); the center fuselage; the leading edges of the wings; fins and stabilators; flaps; ailerons; landing gear; stores management; integrated navigation and electronic warfare systems; communications, navigation, and identification systems; the weapon support system; and final assembly of the aircraft. At its facilities in Seattle, Washington, Boeing built the wings and aft fuselage and was responsible for avionics integration, 70% of mission software, the training system, and life-support and fire-protection systems.

The F-22 is mainly made of titanium alloys and composites. Radar absorbent materials are used to reduce the aircraft's radar signature. Also, the shape of the F-22 makes it more difficult to detect on radar. The design life of the F-22 is 8,000 hours, which equates to a service life of about 22 years at 360 flying hours per year. In December 2011, the 187th and final production F-22 Raptor came off the production line at Lockheed Martin's facility in Marietta, Georgia.

Lockheed Martin is currently under contract to modernize the F-22, which includes the development of system upgrades, additional capabilities and performance enhancements.



Armament/Weapons:

The F-22 is equipped with a General Dynamics M61-A2 Vulcan 20mm six-barreled gatling gun and has four under-wing hardpoints and three internal weapons bays. The aircraft carries AIM-9M/X Sidewinder air-to-air missiles, AIM-120 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles, GBU-32 Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM), and GBU-39/40 Small Diameter Bombs.



Mission/Role:

The F-22 provides an enhanced U.S. air superiority capability against projected threats and will replace the F-15 Eagle.



FY 2017 & FY 2018 - F-22 DoD Program:

This data is available in Forecast International's U.S. Defense Budget Forecast, a comprehensive analytical database containing historical and forecast budget figures, year-to-year funding comparisons, congressional budget markups, program justification documents, and much more.




Sources: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), Lockheed Martin Corp.,
The Boeing Company, BAE Systems, Pratt & Whitney, and Northrop Grumman.

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