Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

Product Type:

Adv. Air-to-Ground Precision Attack Missile

Using Service (US):

Army and Navy (USMC)

Program Status:

Technology Development (TD) Phase
(IOC planned for FY 2018)

Prime Contractor:

Lockheed Martin (EMD Phase)

Specifications DoD Spending FY2016 Budget

The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

About the JAGM Program:





The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) - currently in development - is an air-to-ground missile system that provides advanced line-of-sight and beyond-line-of-sight capabilities, including precision point and fire-and-forget (active and passive) seeker targeting technologies; increased range; and increased lethality against soft and hardened moving and stationary targets. JAGM uses the same warhead across all platforms. JAGM is the replacement missile for the AGM-114 Hellfire family of missiles.

According to the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), JAGM will increase the operational flexibility by effectively engaging a variety of stationary and mobile targets on the battlefield, including advanced heavy/light armored vehicles, bunkers, buildings, patrol craft, command and control vehicles, transporter/erector launchers, artillery systems, and radar/air defense systems. JAGM's seeker will provide robust capability in adverse weather, day or night, and in an obscured/countermeasure environment, against both stationary and moving targets. JAGM supports more efficient logistics for expeditionary force tailoring by replacing several missile variants with a single, interoperable weapon. The warhead is designed for high performance against both armored and non-armored targets. JAGM allows battlefield resupply flexibility in a variety of environments, thus minimizing the logistic burden of the combat force. The JAGM System includes missile, trainers, containers, support equipment, and launcher modifications.

JAGM is a follow-on from the AGM-169 Joint Common Missile (JCM) program, which was terminated in 2007. JAGM was originally a joint program with the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps that addressed rotary/fixed wing and UAS requirements. However, the Navy and Marine Corps withdrew from the program at the end of FY 2012 but rejoined JAGM in FY 2014. The Army is developing JAGM in increments, an approach driven by budget constraints. Budget cuts led to a major restructuring of the program in early 2012 with a strong focus on affordablity and the Army dropped the requirements for a tri-mode seeker and new rocket motor. The incremental development approach will mean that some capabilities are deferred to future stages in the development phase. In the first increment, the missile guidance section (includes the seeker, dome and housing) will be integrated with currently qualified and fielded missile components (including the warhead, rocket motor and control actuation system).

The JAGM program is currently in the Technology Development (TD) phase for which two industry teams were awarded contracts. The two teams are Lockheed Martin and Raytheon-Boeing. JAGM will soon proceed to the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase for which only the Lockheed Martin team submitted proposals. Raytheon-Boeing decided not to bid for the EMD phase when the Army issued its solicitation in May 2015.

In August 2015, the Army and Navy awarded Lockheed Martin a $66.3 million contract for the JAGM EMD phase. The 24-month EMD phase will include JAGM production, test qualification and integration on the AH-64 Apache and AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters. The EMD phase also establishes a low-rate manufacturing capability in support of two follow-on LRIP options.



Lockheed Martin Team:

Lockheed Martin has fielded missiles with all three of the JAGM seeker modes: precision-strike semi-active laser (SAL) on AGM-114 Hellfire (except Longbow AGM-114L), passive fire-and-forget imaging infrared (IIR) on Javelin AAWS-M, and all-weather fire-and-forget millimeter wave (MMW) on the AGM-114L variant fielded on the AH-64E Apache Longbow / Guardian attack helicopter. The Lockheed Martin JAGM comes with a dual-mode seeker with an improved SAL sensor for precision-strike and a fire-and-forget MMW radar for moving targets in all-weather conditions. These new sensors have been integrated into the company's JAGM guidance section and mated with the AGM-114R missile bus.

On August 17, 2012, Lockheed Martin was awarded a $64 million contract from the U.S. Army to extend and continue the JAGM TD phase. The 27-month extended TD phase includes design, test and demonstration of the JAGM guidance section. In July 2014, Lockheed Martin demonstrated its JAGM dual-mode guidance section during a second internally funded flight test at Eglin Air Force Base (AFB). In July 2015, JAGM successfully engaged two laser-designated stationary targets during Government-led flight tests at Eglin AFB. In the first test, the missile flew four kilometers, engaged its SAL and successfully hit the target. During the second test, the JAGM flew four kilometers, acquired the target using its SAL while simultaneously tracking the target with its millimeter wave radar, and successfully hit the target. SOn August 25, 2015, the Army conducted a fifth flight test that further demonstrated the JAGM design's maturity and readiness for operational testing.



Raytheon-Boeing Team:

Raytheon and Boeing launched a joint effort for the JAGM competition. On December 3, 2012, Raytheon received a contract from the U.S. Army's Aviation Missile Command to develop and deliver a next-generation guidance section for the JAGM TD phase. The Army decided in July 2013 to drop the Raytheon-Boeing team due to budget pressures and proceed with Lockheed Martin. The Raytheon-Boeing missile integrated a tri-mode seeker employing semi-active laser (SAL), millimeter wave (MMW) radar and uncooled imaging infrared sensors in a way that would allow it to hit its target in adverse weather conditions or when other obscurants are present. Alliant Techsystems (ATK) and Boeing developed the rocket motor for the Raytheon-Boeing JAGM. Raytheon's tri-mode seeker was successfully flight tested for the U.S. Air Force and Navy GBU-53/B Small Diameter Bomb II (SDB II) program.



Applications/Platforms:

JAGM will be fielded on the Marine Corps' AH-1Z Viper and Army's AH-64 Apache Longbow/Guardian attack helicopters, as well as on the Army MQ-1C Gray Eagle UAS. JAGM will replace air-launched TOW and the AGM-114 Hellfire missile.



Price/Unit Cost:

Unknown - JAGM is in the EMD phase. Production is expected to commence in FY 2017.



Mission/Role:

To actively or passively engage fixed and moving targets, day and night, in adverse weather, battlefield obscurants, and countermeasures. Targets include armor, air defense systems, patrol craft, artillery, radar sites, bunkers, and other structures.



FY 2015 JAGM Program:

FY 2015 continues JAGM development efforts and increases RDT&E funds to $90.1 million of which $83.8 million is provided by the Army and $6.3 million by the Navy.



FY 2016 JAGM Program:

FY 2016 continues JAGM development efforts and increases RDT&E funds to $114.8 million of which $88.9 million is provided by the Army and $25.9 million by the Navy. FY 16 also provides $27.8 million in Army advance procurement funding that supports the acquisition of long lead components for FY 2017 production.

For more information, click to view the FY 2016 Army JAGM RDT&E Budget and the FY 2016 Navy JAGM RDT&E Budget.




Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), Lockheed Martin Corp.,
and Raytheon Company.

Last Update: September 20, 2015.

By Joakim Kasper Oestergaard Balle /// (jkasper@bga-aeroweb.com)

External Resources:



Lockheed Martin: Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)
U.S. Army: Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

YouTube: Joint Air-to-Ground Missile | YouTube

Fact Sheet: Lockheed Martin JAGM
Infographic: Raytheon JAGM | Infographic

JAGM U.S. Defense Budget Charts:

DoD Spending on the Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) in FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014, FY 2015 and FY 2016
DoD Purchases of Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) Missiles in FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014, FY 2015 and FY 2016
Defense Budget Data

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DoD Spending, Procurement and RDT&E: FY 2012/13/14 + Budget for FYs 2015 + 2016

DoD Defense Spending, Procurement, Modifications, Spares, and RDT&E for the Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

Download Official U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Budget Data:

JAGM Procurement (ARMY) JAGM RDT&E (NAVY) JAGM RDT&E (NAVY)
Specifications

Missile Specifications: Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

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Primary Function: Advanced air-launched precision attack missile
Prime Contractor: Lockheed Martin Corporation (EMD Phase)
Propulsion: Rocket motor
Length: 70 in (1.8 m)
Diameter: 7 in (17.8 cm)
Wingspan: 12.8 in (32.5 cm)
Weight: 112 lbs (50.8 kg)
Speed: Unknown
Range: 0.3 to 4.9+ miles (0.5 to 8+ km)
Guidance System: Dual-mode: MMW/SAL (tri-mode system with IIR was dropped due to budget restraints)
Warhead: Multi-purpose, tandem, shaped charge, blast fragmentation
Platforms (Planned):
AH-1Z Viper
AH-64E Apache Guardian
MQ-1C Gray Eagle UAS
Price/Unit Cost: TBD
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): Planned for FY 2018

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