Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

Product Type:

Light Tactical Vehicle

Using Service (US):

Army and Marine Corps (USMC)

Program Status:

Currently in LRIP Phase

Prime Contractor:

Oshkosh Corporation

Specifications Armament DoD Spending FY2016 Budget

The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

About the JLTV:

The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) is a joint program currently in development for the U.S. Army and Marine Corps. The JLTV will replace the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) aka the Humvee, which is the current light tactical vehicle used by the U.S. military.

The advent in Iraq and Afghanistan of remotely-controlled Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) has taken its toll on the fleet of unarmored flat-bottom HMMWVs, thus creating the need for a new light tactical vehicle with better protection. The HMMWV was never designed to withstand IED or mine blasts. HMMWV up-armoring through the addition of armor plates has provided increased crew protection, however, the increased weight has reduced the vehicle's payload carrying capacity, maneuverability, off-road mobility, and air transportability.

The JLTV concept is based on a family of vehicles focused on scalable armor protection and vehicle agility, and mobility required of the light tactical vehicle fleet. The JLTV will provide defensive measures to protect troops while in transport, increase payload capability, and achieve commonality of parts and components to reduce the overall life cycle cost of the vehicle. The JLTV project seeks to optimize performance, payload, and protection of the vehicle and crew while ensuring a design that is transportable by CH-47 Chinook, CH-53E/K, and C-130 Hercules and larger military transport aircraft.

There are two main JLTV variants based upon a common 21,000 lbs gross weight platform, a two-seat Combat Support Vehicle (CSV) and a four-seat Combat Tactical Vehicle (CTV), as well as a companion trailer. The CSV variant has one base platform, the Utility, with a payload capacity of 5,100 lbs. (2) The four-seat CTV variant has two base vehicle platforms, the General Purpose (GP) and the Close Combat Weapons Carrier (CCWC), with a payload capacity of 3,500 lbs. Base vehicle platforms may be further equipped with multiple mission package configurations, such as the CSV Shelter Carrier and the CTV Heavy Guns Carrier. Vehicles will be powered by a 300 horsepower diesel engine.

In October 2008, the U.S. Army awarded the three industry teams BAE Systems, General Tactical Vehicles (General Dynamics-AM General), and Lockheed Martin Technology Development (TD) contracts to design and fabricate prototypes for testing and evaluation. In June 2010, the three industry teams began delivering their prototypes for testing at the Aberdeen Test Center in Maryland, and the Yuma Test Center in Arizona. The prototype vehicles had their ballistic protection, system performance, and reliability and maintainability tested to measure their technical potential against JLTV requirements - with emphasis on system weight. In June 2011, the Army and Marine Corps successfully accomplished the 27-month TD phase.

On March 27, 2012, Lockheed Martin submitted a proposal for a substantially lighter and more affordable vehicle for the next phase of the Army and Marine Corps JLTV competition.

On August 22, 2012, three $65 million contract awards were made for the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase of the JLTV program. Contracts were awarded to AM General, LLC (manufacturer of the HMMWV), Lockheed Martin (teamed up with BAE Systems), and Oshkosh Corporation (manufacturer of the U.S. Army Family of Medium and Heavy Tactical Vehicles FMTV/FHTV and the MRAP M-ATV). Under the terms of the contract, the companies each had to deliver 22 prototype vehicles within 365 days of contract award for testing and evaluation.

On June 14, 2013, Oshkosh Defense announced its delivery of 22 JLTV development vehicles to the Army and Marine Corps. Two months later, on August 14, 2013, Lockheed Martin delivered its 22 JLTV development vehicles. On the same day, AM General delivered 22 of its Blast Resistant Vehicle - Off road (BRV-O) prototypes.

On August 25, 2015, in its largest contract award in years, the U.S. Army selected Oshkosh Corporation to build the JLTV. Oshkosh will receive a $6.7 billion contract for the low-rate initial production (LRIP) phase. Oshkosh was selected over HMMWV-maker AM General and Lockheed Martin.

The Army plans to purchase 49,099 JLTV production vehicles from FY 2015 through FY 2040. From 2020 to 2036, 2,200 vehicles will be purchased annually. The Marine Corps plans to purchase 5,500 JLTV production vehicles from FY 2015 through FY 2021. The JLTV enters the Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) phase in FY 2015 and is expected to be approved for Full Rate Production (FRP) in FY 2018 with Initial Operational Capability (IOC) scheduled for May 2018.


Some JLTVs will be equipped with weapons such as machine guns and the BGM-71 TOW II missile system.

Price/Unit Cost:

The average unit cost of the JLTV is $677,000 (in FY 2015). The unit cost is expected to fall to approximately $550,000 over the life of the program.

Program Cost:

The total procurement cost of the JLTV program is $30.04 billion (official DoD estimate) + $0.98 billion in research and development (RDT&E) funds, which means the total estimated program cost is $31.03 billion (numbers are aggregated annual funds spent over the life of the program and no price/inflation adjustment was made).


As a light tactical vehicle, the JLTV will be capable of performing multiple mission roles, and will be designed to provide protected, sustained, networked mobility for personnel and payloads across the full range of military operations.

FY 2015 DoD Program:

LRIP Request for Proposals (RFP) was released in December 2014. The major budget activity is the award of a Firm-Fixed Price (FFP) contract providing funding for Long Lead Material, Production Tooling and Facilitization, and the first of three years of Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) deliveries. Contract award is expected in July/August 2015. FY 2015 procurement funds in the amount of $172.1 million supports a quantity of 191 LRIP 1 various JLTV configurations (184 for the Army and 7 for the USMC).

FY 2016 DoD Program:

Army: FY 2016 procurement funds in the amount of $308.3 million supports a quantity of 450 LRIP 2 various JLTV configurations to fulfill the requirements of multiple mission roles and minimized ownership costs for the Army's Light Tactical Vehicle fleet. Also, the FY 16 Budget provides $32.5 million for RDT&E.

For more information, click to see the FY 2016 Army JLTV Procurement Budget.

USMC: FY 2016 procurement funds in the amount of $79.4 million supports a quantity of 109 LRIP 2 various JLTV configurations. Also, the FY 16 Budget provides $36.7 million for RDT&E.

For more information, click to see the FY 2016 USMC JLTV Procurement Budget.

Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), AM General, Oshkosh Corp.,
and Lockheed Martin Corp.

Last Update: August 25, 2015.

By Joakim Kasper Oestergaard Balle /// (

External Resources:

AM General: JLTV BRV-O
Lockheed Martin: Joint Light Tactical Vehicle
Oshkosh Defense: JLTV L-ATV

YouTube: Joint Light Tactical Vehicle | YouTube Videos

YouTube: HMMWV/Humvee | YouTube Videos

Fact Sheet: Lockheed Martin | JLTV

Total JLTV Program Cost:

  $31.03 billion  ($30.04B procurement + $0.99B RDT&E)

JLTV Procurement Objective:

  54,730 vehicles  (54,599 production + 131 dev.)

JLTV U.S. Defense Budget Charts:

DoD Spending on the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) in FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014, FY 2015 and FY 2016
DoD Purchases of Joint Light Tactical Vehicles in FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014, FY 2015 and FY 2016
JLTV Demonstrator Vehicles
JLTV Program Badge
Defense Budget Data

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DoD Spending, Procurement and RDT&E: FY 2012/13/14 + Budget for FYs 2015 + 2016

DoD Defense Spending, Procurement, Modifications, Spares, and RDT&E for the JLTV

Download Official U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Budget Data:

JLTV Purchases (ARMY) JLTV Purchases (USMC)
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