Boeing T-45 Goshawk

Product Type:

Military Jet Trainer Aircraft

Using Service (US):

Navy and Marine Corps (USMC)

Program Status:

Upgrades and sustainment

Prime Contractor:

The Boeing Company

The T-45 Goshawk Trainer Aircraft

About the T-45 Goshawk:

The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) T-45 Goshawk is a twin-seat, carrier-capable derivative of the BAE Systems Hawk. It is powered by a single Rolls-Royce F405-RR-401 Adour turbofan engine, which delivers 5,845 pounds of thrust. The Goshwawk serves as the aircraft component of the T45TS integrated jet pilot training system used by the U.S. Navy's Naval Air Training Command. The T-45 replaces the older TA-4 Skyhawk and T-2 Buckeye trainers.

Boeing produces the T-45's forward fuselage and horizontal stabilizers and performs final assembly and production flight-test. BAE Systems produces the wings and the center and aft fuselage sections, and Rolls-Royce provides the engine.

There are two versions of T-45 Goshawk currently in operational use, the T-45A and T-45C. The T-45A became operational in 1991 and features an analog design cockpit while the T-45C (deliveries began in December 1997) comes with a state-of-the-art digital glass cockpit. The T-45 is in service with Training Air Wing 1 at Naval Air Station Meridian in Mississipi and Training Air Wing 2 at Naval Air Station Kingsville in Texas. Training Air Wing 6 at Naval Air Station Pensacola in Florida, received the first T-45Cs in April 2008 for use in its Undergraduate Military Flight Officer program, which trains "backseaters" for the U.S. Air Force as well as the Navy and Marine Corps.

Since entering service in 1992, T-45 aircraft have logged over 800,000 flight hours and made over 50,000 arrested carrier landings. Approximately 3,500 student pilots from the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps and a number of foreign militaries have earned their wings in the T-45. Over the years, The Boeing Company has continually upgraded the aircraft with improvements such as leading-edge wing slats for better performance at low-speeds, high-gain nosewheel steering for safer ground handling, and a reinforced composite stabilator with increased span for better pitch control.

The designed service life of the aircraft is 14,400 hours with the estimated average remaining service life of inventory aircraft at 8,900 hours, as of April 2014. In FY 2014, the Navy launched a Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) for the T-45. SLEP modifications will incorporate changes to improve subsystems and structural details to increase aircraft service life to 21,600 flight hours. The inventory of T-45A/Cs is 200 aircraft as of April 2014.

On October 27, 2008, L-3 Communications' subsidiary L-3 Vertex was awarded a $569 million contract by the U.S. Navy to provide logistics services and maintenance materials in support of T-45A and T-45C trainers. L-3 Vertex teamed up with Boeing for this project. On July 1, 2014, L-3 Vertex was awarded a $151 million contract to provide depot level maintenance and logistics services in support of 200 T-45 aircraft based at Naval Air Station (NAS) Meridian, MS; NAS Kingsville, TX; NAS Pensacola, FL; and NAS Patuxent River, MD.




Training platform for Navy/Marine Corps pilots.

FY 2014 DoD Program:

The overall goal of the modifications budgeted in FY 2014 is to correct discrepancies and deficiencies discovered after delivery of the aircraft and to commence upgrades to the aircraft cockpit and navigation systems. T-45 aircraft and simulators are facing critical avionics obsolescence and diminishing manufacturing source issues. FY 2014 procurement funds in the amount of $93.1 million have been provided for continued modifications.

FY 2015 DoD Program:

The major T-45 modifications budgeted in FY 2015 are the T-45TS Corrections of Deficiencies; Engine Surge; Avionics Obsolescence; and Service Life Extension Program (SLEP). FY 2015 procurement funds in the amount of $90.1 million have been provided for continued modifications.

For more information, click to view the FY 2015 Navy T-45 Budget.

Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and The Boeing Company

Specifications Armament DoD Spending FY2015 Budget

Last Update: July 3, 2014.

By Joakim Kasper Oestergaard /// (

External Resources:

The Boeing Company: Boeing T-45 Goshawk

YouTube: Boeing T-45 Goshawk | YouTube Videos

Fact Sheet: Boeing T-45 Goshawk | Fact Sheet

T-45 U.S. Defense Budget Charts:

DoD Spending on the T-45 Goshawk in FY 2011, FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014 and FY 2015
DoD Purchases of T-45 Goshawk Aircraft in FY 2011, FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014 and FY 2015
Defense Budget Data

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DoD Spending, Procurement and RDT&E: FY 2011/12/13 + Budget for FYs 2014 + 2015

DoD Defense Spending, Procurement, Modifications, Spares, and RDT&E for the T-45 Goshawk

Download Official U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Budget Data:

Modification of T-45 Aircraft (NAVY)

Aircraft Specifications: T-45A Goshawk

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Primary Function: Training platform for Navy and Marine Corps pilots
Prime Contractor: The Boeing Co.
Power Plant: 1x Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour F405-RR-401 turbofan engine
Thrust: 5,527 pounds
Wingspan: 30 ft 10 in (9.39 m)
Length: 39 ft 4 in (11.98 m)
Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
Weight (Empty): 9,394 lbs (4,261 kg)
Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW): 13,500 lbs (6,075 kg)
Speed: 560 kts/645 mph (1038 km/h)
Service Ceiling: 42,500 ft (12,954 m)
Range: 700 nm/805 miles (1,288 km)
Armament: None
Crew: Two (student pilot and instructor)
Price/Unit Cost: $17.2 million
First flight: April 16, 1988
Deployed: Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1991

Defense Program

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