Beechcraft T-6 Texan II

Product Type:

Entry-Level Miltary Trainer Aircraft

Using Service (US):

Air Force (USAF) and Navy

Program Status:

In Production (last Navy purchase in FY 14)

Prime Contractor:

Beechcraft Corporation

The T-6 Texan II

About the T-6 Texan II:

The Hawker Beechcraft (now Beechcraft Corporation) T-6 Texan II is a tandem seat military trainer aircraft derivative of the Pilatus PC-9. The aircraft is powered by a single Pratt & Whitney Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68 turboprop engine with 1,100 shp. The T-6A currently serves as the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy primary training aircraft and has replaced the T-34C (USN) and T-37B (USAF). The Joint Primary Aircraft Training System (JPATS) is a joint Navy/Air Force pilot training program that will use the T-6A Texan II for specialized undergraduate pilot training. To date, the T-6 military trainer has been used to train pilots and navigators in approximately 20 different countries.

The T-6B Texan II (an advanced version of the A-model with higher payload - see specs at bottom of page) comes with digital cockpit, Martin-Baker ejection seats, cockpit pressurization, and an onboard oxygen-generating system. The T-6 is versatile, safe, and effective for the most basic flight training tasks. The aircraft has a top speed of 364 mph, and features a 7G to 3.5G airframe, and an advanced digital glass cockpit with a cutting-edge avionics suite. The T-6 is capable of teaching even the most advanced aerobatic maneuvers and simulated combat training tasks that could previously only be accomplished in more expensive aircraft.

The T-6C is a derivative aircraft incorporating hard-points on the wings for external fuel tanks. This variant is not in service with the U.S. military.

In February 1996, Raytheon (the owner of Hawker Beechcraft until 2007) was awarded the JPATS acquisition and support contracts, and the first operational T-6A Texan II arrived at Randolph AFB in Texas in May 2000. The T-6 went into full rate production in December 2001. Air Force purchases of 453 T-6A Texan II aircraft was initiated in FY 1995 and ended in FY08 with the final T-6A delivered in FY 2010. There are currently 446 T-6A aircraft in the USAF inventory. Originally, the Navy had planned to purchase 315 aircraft starting in FY 2000, however, total aircraft purchases authorized is now 295. The Navy will purchase its last T-6B in FY 2014.

To date, Beechcraft has delivered over 800 T-6 aircraft that have accumulated a total of 2 million flight hours.



Price/Unit Cost:

The unit cost of the T-6B Texan II is $6.90 million (flyaway cost in FY 2014).

Total Cost - Life of Program (LoP):

The total procurement cost of the T-6 JPATS program is $4.89 billion (official DoD estimate) + $0.30 billion in research and development (RDT&E) funds, which means the total estimated program cost is $5.29 billion (numbers are aggregated annual funds spent over the life of the program and no price/inflation adjustment was made). This figure excludes military construction (MILCON) costs in support of the program in the amount of $110.5 million.


To Support joint Navy and Air Force specialized undergraduate pilot training. The T-6 Texan II is a key component of the Joint Primary Aircraft Training System (JPATS) along with simulators, computer-aided academics, and a Training Integration Management System (TIMS).

FY 2014 DoD Program:

Continues production of T-6B Texan II aircraft and supports the purchase of 29 aircraft and associated support for the Navy in FY 2014.

FY 2015 DoD Program:

No aircraft will be purchased in FY 2015. The budget provides $16.5 million for aircraft modifications and spares.

For more information, click to see the Navy FY 2015 T-6 Budget.

Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and Hawker Beechcraft Corp.

Specifications Armament DoD Spending FY2015 Budget

Last Update: November 4, 2014.

By Joakim Kasper Oestergaard Balle /// (

External Resources:

Beechcraft: T-6 Texan II

YouTube: T-6 Texan II | YouTube Videos

Fact Sheet: Beechcraft T-6C

Total T-6 JPATS Program Cost:

  $5.29 billion  ($4.89B procurement + $0.30B RDT&E)

T-6 JPATS Procurement Objective:

  752 aircraft  (751 production and 1 development)

T-6 U.S. Defense Budget Charts:

DoD Spending on the Hawker Beechcraft T-6 Texan II in FY 2011, FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014 and FY 2015
DoD Purchases of T-6 Texan II Trainer Aircraft in FY 2011, FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014 and FY 2015
Defense Budget Data

Go to Top

DoD Spending, Procurement and RDT&E: FY 2011/12/13 + Budget for FYs 2014 + 2015

DoD Defense Spending, Procurement, Modifications, Spares, and RDT&E for the T-6 Texan II

Download Official U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Budget Data:

T-6A Purchases (NAVY) T-6A Modifications (NAVY) Spares & Parts (NAVY)
T-6A Modifications (USAF) Spares & Parts (USAF)

Aircraft Specifications: T-6A Texan II

Go to Top

Primary Function: Entry-level trainer in joint primary pilot training
Prime Contractor: Hawker Beechcraft
Power Plant: 1x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68 turboprop engine with 1,100 shp
Wingspan: 33.4 ft (10.18 m)
Length: 33.3 ft (10.12 m)
Height: 10.8 ft (3.29 m)
Weight (Empty):
T-6A: 5,000 lbs (2,268 kg)
T-6B: 5,850 lbs (2,654 kg)
Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW):
T-6A: 6,500 lbs (2,948 kg)
T-6B: 6,900 lbs (3,130 kg)
Fuel Capacity: 149 gallons (678 liters)
Speed: 270 kts/311 mph (500 km/h) at 1,000 ft level flight
Rate of Climb: 3,100 ft/min (15.75 m/s)
Service Ceiling: 31,000 ft (9,449 m)
Range: 850 nm/978 miles (1,575 km)
Crew: Two (student pilot and instructor)
Price/Unit Cost: T-6B: $6.90 million flyaway cost (in FY 2014)
First flight: T-6A: July 1998; T-6B: July 10, 2009
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): T-6A: November 2002; T-6B: April 19, 2010.

Defense Program

Aircraft Programs Missile Programs Space Programs Shipbuilding Programs Vehicle Programs