RGM/UGM-109 Tomahawk

Product Type:

Long-Range Subsonic Cruise Missile

Using Service (US):


Program Status:

In Full Rate Production
(at a minimum sustaining rate)

Prime Contractor:

Raytheon Company

Specifications DoD Spending FY2015 Budget

The Tomahawk Cruise Missile

About the Tomahawk:

The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is an all-weather, long-range, subsonic cruise missile manufactured by Raytheon. The missile is launched from U.S. Navy surface ships (RGM variant) and submarines (UGM variant).

Tomahawk variants include the UGM-109A Tomahawk (Block II TLAM-A), which was deployed in 1984 and features a W80 nuclear warhead; the RGM/UGM-109C Tomahawk - Conventional (TLAM-C Block III), which was deployed in 1994 and features a 1,000-pound class unitary warhead; the RGM/UGM-109D Tomahawk - Submunition Dispenser (TLAM-D Block III), which was deployed in 1994 and features a conventional munitions dispenser with 166 submunitions in 24 canisters; and the RGM/UGM-109E Tactical Tomahawk (TLAM-E Block IV), which was deployed in 2004 and features a 1,000-pound class unitary warhead.

The variant currently being purchased by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) - for the Navy - is the RGM/UGM-109E Tomahawk Block IV aka Tactical Tomahawk features a two-way satellite data link that allows the controller to switch target during flight to pre-programmed alternate targets or redirect it to a new target. The targeting flexibility also includes the capability to loiter over the battlefield, while waiting for a more critical target. The Tactical Tomahawk is sized to fit torpedo tubes and capable of being deployed from a variety of surface ship and submarine platforms. The missile incorporates an active electronically scanned array, millimeter-wave seeker, which provides target acquisition and homing; and a passive electronic surveillance system for long-range acquisition and identification. For guidance, the Tactical Tomahawk uses INS, TERCOM (Terrain Contour Matching), DSMAC (Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation), and GPS. The missile carries a 1,000-pound warhead and is normally launched from attack submarines (such as the SSN 774 Virginia Class) equipped with vertical launch systems (VLS). Production of the Tactical Tomahawk missile began in FY 2002 and, by 2014, the supplier base included more than 300 companies in 24 states.

About 2,300 Tomahawk missiles have been used in military campaigns since 1989. The Tomahawk was a great success during Operation Desert Storm in 1991 and the missile has since been used successfully in several other conflicts.

On December 21, 2012, the U.S. Navy awarded Raytheon a $254.6 million contract for the production Tomahawk Block IV cruise missiles. On January 14, 2014, Raytheon delivered the 3000th Block IV missile to the U.S. Navy as part of the ninth year of Block IV Full Rate Production (FRP).

Raytheon has spent $30 million in company-funded R&D on the development of a new multi-mode sensor that improves the missile's ability to identify targets and electronic signals. The new sensor suite, if installed, would be mounted on the nose of the missile. On April 28, 2014, Raytheon successfully completed a test of the new sensor.

The U.S. Navy has decided to suspend the purchase of more missiles beginning in FY 2016 - five years earlier than the FY 2014 President's Budget Program of Record because inventory levels will satisfy munition requirements sooner than expected. The industrial base will be maintained to support unplanned maintenance until FY 2019.

Price/Unit Cost:

The unit cost of a Tomahawk Block IV missile is $1,101,000 (in FY 2014).

Total Cost - Life of Program (LoP):

The total procurement cost of the Tactical Tomahawk program is $4.63 billion (official DoD estimate) + $0.64 billion in research and development (RDT&E) funds, which means the total estimated program cost is $5.27 billion (numbers are aggregated annual funds spent over the life of the program and no price/inflation adjustment was made).


The mission of the Tomahawk is to provide a long-range cruise missile launched from a variety of platforms to be used against land and sea targets.

FY 2014 Tomahawk DoD Program:

Continues production at a minimum sustaining rate. In FY 2014, the Navy will purchase 196 Tactical Tomahawk missiles at a cost of $312.5M. FY2010-18 funding supports the procurement of 196 Block IV missiles per fiscal year, utilizing an annualized firm fixed price procurement strategy. A revised acquisition program baseline has been approved to accommodate additional missile procurements through FY 20.

FY 2015 Tomahawk DoD Program:

Continues Tactical Tomahawk production at a minimum sustaining rate. In FY 2015, the Navy will purchase 100 Block IV missiles at a cost of $194.3M. Procurement of new missiles has been suspended beginning in FY 2016 due to satisfactory inventory levels (4,000 missiles).

For more information, click to see the Complete FY 2015 Navy Tomahawk Budget.

Source: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and Raytheon Company

Last Update: November 10, 2014.

By Joakim Kasper Oestergaard Balle /// (jkasper@bga-aeroweb.com)

External Resources:

Raytheon Company: RGM/UGM-109 Tomahawk

YouTube: Tomahawk Cruise Missile | YouTube Videos

Fact Sheet: Not Available

Tactical Tomahawk Program Cost:

 $5.27 billion  ($4.63B procurement + $0.64B RDT&E)

Tomahawk Procurement Objective:

  3,800 missiles  (3,790 production + 10 development)

Tomahawk U.S. Defense Budget Charts:

DoD Spending on Tomahawk Missiles in FY 2011, FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014 and FY 2015
DoD Purchases of Tomahawk Missiles in FY 2011, FY 2012, FY 2013, FY 2014 and FY 2015
Defense Budget Data

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DoD Spending, Procurement and RDT&E: FY 2011/12/13 + Budget for FYs 2014 + 2015

DoD Defense Spending, Procurement, Modifications, Spares, and RDT&E for the Tomahawk Program

Download Official U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Budget Data:

Purchases of RGM/UGM-109 Tomahawk Missiles (Navy)

Missile Specifications: RGM/UGM-109 Tomahawk Block II-IV

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Primary Function: Long-range subsonic cruise missile
Prime Contractor: Raytheon Co.
Propulsion: Williams International F107-WR-402 turbofan engine with ARC/CSD solid-fuel booster
Length: 18 ft 3 in (5.56 m); with booster: 20.5 ft (6.25 m)
Diameter: 20.4 in (51.81 cm)
Wingspan: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
Weight: 2,900 lbs (1,315 kg); 3,500 lbs (1,588 kg) with booster
Speed: 550 mph (880 km/h)
Range: Block II TLAM-A: 1,350 nm/1,500 miles (2,500 km)
Block III TLAM-C: 900 nm/1,000 miles (1,600 km)
Block III TLAM-D: 700 nm/800 miles (1,250 km)
Block IV TLAM-E: 900 nm/1,000 miles (1,600 km)
Guidance System: Block II TLAM-A: INS and TERCOM (Terrain Contour Matching);
Block III TLAM-C, TLAM-D & Block IV TLAM-E: INS, TERCOM (Terrain Contour Matching),
DSMAC (Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation), and GPS
Warhead: Block II TLAM-N: W80 nuclear warhead;
Block III TLAM-C & Block IV TLAM-E: 1,000-pound class unitary warhead;
Block III TLAM-D: Conventional submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets
Price/Unit Cost: $1,101,000 (in FY 2014)
Deployed: Block II TLAM-A: IOC 1984; Block III: IOC 1994; Block IV: IOC 2004

Defense Program

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